Solution Should First be Found in Iraq

  • 19 October 2010

There is no doubt that there has been a lot of Arab, regional and international interest in the resolution of the political conflict in Iraq since the March parliamentary elections. This stems from the importance of Iraq, its location, its influence as an Arab country and its role in the region’s stability. In recent times significant efforts have been made by various powers in Iraq within a regional framework to find a solution to the long drawn political impasse. Iraqi leaders belonging to different political parties visited various Arab countries and listened to their views on the most suitable solutions to end the conflict and build a stable political regime with representation from all ethnic groups. These visits have undoubtedly opened the door for an active Arab role that is needed to help Iraqis settle their disputes.

It is clear that political powers in Iraq are looking to play such a role, which in turn is providing suitable conditions in which Arabs can provide necessary support to Iraq. Perhaps what puts pressure on Arabs is the fact that any vacuum resulting in their absence from Iraq, or even their weak presence, will encourage other powers to move in to serve their own interests and strategic objectives. Considering the importance of Arab or regional moves to assist Iraq in overcoming its complex political problems the key point is that the solution should remain in the hands of the Iraqis. So while foreign players have made efforts to help resolve issues inside Iraq, they should not pull out until matters are settled to the satisfaction of all stakeholders in the country.

There is a need for all Iraqi powers to be convinced on two basic issues. Firstly they must make sincere efforts to end the deadlock that have lasted more than seven months since the end of the parliamentary elections. This is because every day that passes without a solution being found is making matters more complicated and difficult in the country. The other issue is that any viable solution to this problem should be based on the participation of all powers, sects and ethnicities because without their participation and representation any settlement will remain incomplete, shaky and might fall by the wayside. The positive to have come out in the last month is that national consensus – which is based on national considerations as the only way to forming a new government representing all Iraqis – forms the foundation for a new, stable and united Iraq. This should also be the motive behind efforts of all in and outside Iraq if they are to end its political crises.