Positive Movements to Meet Global Challenges

  • 27 September 2009

In a short period of time, several indicators confirm that there is growing international awareness on the nature of existing economic, security and social dangers facing the world, and that there is a need for active cooperation to deal with these issues to avert their adverse impact that seriously jeopardize peace and security of the world. The first sign came in the message of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Ban Ki-Moon, during the opening ceremony of the annual meeting of the General Assembly of the United Nations, where he called for the unity of the world to face challenges of climate change, nuclear weapons, and poverty; the same call was repeated by President Barak Obama in his first speech before the General Assembly. The second signal came at the historic decision adopted by the UN Security Council last Thursday, which called for intensified efforts to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons, to encourage disarmament, and to reduce the risk of nuclear terrorism in the pursuit of building a world free of nuclear weapons. One of the important points to be noted is that the resolution was adopted unanimously, in reference to a common understanding by its members on the importance of taking effective steps to face the dangerous challenge of nuclear proliferation.

The Security Council’s meeting—that adopted the resolution—was at the heads-of-state level, which was only the fifth time since it met in the form of a summit, ever since the establishment of the United Nations. This is clear proof of the recognition of the dangers that humanity faces. The third sign came from the United Nations summit on climate, which was held on September 22, though results did not meet expectations. According to many observers, it marked significant progress in the world's view on the problem of climate and its willingness to work together during the United Nations Conference on Climate, scheduled in Copenhagen next December. The fourth sign was reflected in the results of the G-20 Summit, held in the United States, which revealed a global dedication for developing the means to confront a second global financial crisis, and to succeed in overcoming the impacts of the current crises. The Summit has affirmed the necessity to create an international model for development which is more balanced in all countries, it has decided to further democratize the process of international economic decision-making by giving more importance to developing and emerging countries at the international financial organizations, specially the International Monetary Fund, and the World Bank, and to increase the role of the International Monetary Fund, in controlling the economic policies of the world. There is no doubt that these directives of the G-20 summit, represents an important step in dealing with problems and structural imbalances that have been caused by the global financial crisis whose impacts have reached all countries of the world, big and small.

These indicators are expected to represent the real beginning of an international effort to face the enormous challenges of the world at different levels, so as to eradicate the roots of conflict, tensions, and extremism. These causes are complex and enormous and range from political, economic, security, climate etc.