Important Gulf Decisions
- 14 December 2013
The 34th Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Summit, which was held in Kuwait from December 10-11, saw several important decisions being made in the interest of collective Gulf action. A clear focus toward regional issues was visible during the Summit. The Summit renewed the GCC’s continued rejection of the occupation of the three UAE islands of Abu Musa, Greater Tunb and Lesser Tunb by Iran. It reiterated support to the UAE’s sovereignty over the three islands as integral part of the country’s territories. It also called upon Iran to respond to the UAE’s efforts to resolve the issue either through direct negotiations or through the intervention of the International Court of Justice.
The Gulf Summit established the principles of relations between the GCC countries and Iran, notably: good neighborliness, non-interference in internal affairs, respect for the sovereignty of each country and refraining from the threat or use of force. These principles guide the GCC countries’ foreign policy in their regional and international relations and ensure peace and stability in the region and beyond. They also call for solving differences through peaceful means. The GCC Summit in Kuwait welcomed the recent agreement between P5+1 countries and Iran and called for a full and strict implementation of the same under the supervision of IAEA.
The Summit also made the GCC’s position clear on the situation in Egypt, Yemen, Syria, Lebanon, and Iraq. This shows the fact that the GCC is keen to ensure stability in these countries, wants them to overcome their crises and achieve development, security and stability for their peoples. The GCC is also keen to strengthen their territorial integrity. The Summit attached a lot of importance to the issue of comprehensive security in the Gulf. This shows the awareness of the country’s wise leadership regarding the changes taking place on regional and international levels and the significance of establishing a consistent Gulf strategy to deal with them.
The Kuwait Summit released a communiqué calling for the establishment of a unified GCC military command, a Gulf police authority and an academy for strategic and security studies. It also stressed the need to accelerate economic integration among GCC countries so that a comprehensive security is reached and foundations of ‘collective security in the Gulf’ are strengthened in the face of several challenges. The changes taking place around the Middle East and Arab world in recent years emphasize the GCC’s role in the region. The GCC has become a force for maintaining stability and safeguarding the interests of the Arab world. Kuwait Summit has reinforced this position.