Tuesday 13 January 2015
The Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research (ECSSR) hosted a lecture – China: Future Directions – delivered by His Excellency Chen Xiangqun, Deputy Minister of the Organization Department of Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC). The lecture was divided into four parts.
Introduction to the CPC was followed by details of an action plan adopted by it during the 18th National Convention in November 2012. The third part focused on the implementation of the rule of law by the CPC while the final part dealt with the way CPC looks at the world and how its foreign affairs has developed.
In the first part of his lecture, H.E. Chen Xiangqun gave details of the inception of the CPC in 1921, which currently has more than 86 million members with women constituting around one quarter of the membership. Its 18th central committee is comprised of 205 members and 171 substitute members.
The speaker reviewed the leading position held by CPC in China. He said that people have chosen CPC over other forms of governance. He also highlighted that the CPC has led the Chinese people toward accomplishing three major tasks. The first has been the task of establishing the People’s Republic of China, the second is the process of laying down a socialist system while the third is reform and modernization.
While reviewing the political system, the speaker highlighted the nature of the Chinese socialist system, including the people’s congress system, the multi-party cooperation and political consultation system. It also discussed regional ethnic autonomy and self-management for the masses.
The speaker also shed light on the challenges of power, the rise of destabilizing and undefined elements in the international environment, and the more complex external environment for China’s development. He also highlighted the progress made in areas such as industrialization, information and urbanization, and discussed the role of the market, the deepening of internationalization process, and the development of new data and circumstances. He explained that the CPC faces four challenges; long-term exercise of power, reform and openness, market economy, and the external environment.
His Excellency also referred to the 18th National Convention of the CPC, held in November 2012, when the new Central Committee of the party was elected under its Secretary General, Xi Jinping. The convention presented the centennial goals – the ‘Chinese Dream’ – as the Central Committee visited the exhibition entitled ‘Renaissance Road’, where Secretary General Xi Jinping proposed the great renaissance of the Chinese nation. He also gave the details of the third and fourth sessions of the CPC’s 18th Central Committee.The CPC also outlined a program for deepening reforms and promoting the rule of law during the third and fourth sessions in November 2013 and October 2014.
Four targets have been set to ensure a prosperous Chinese society by 2020. Chinese GDP should reach 80 trillion Yuan – with the average per capita income of the urban and rural populations reaching 38,000 Yuan and 12,000 Yuan respectively. Moreover, comprehensive reforms of the country’s economic, political, cultural, social, party and environment systems should be carried out by this time.
These sessions have also called for strengthening of the rule of law at all levels through sound legislation, strict law enforcement, judicial equality, and ensuring that all people obey the law. These sessions highlighted the importance of the commitment to implement the law, benefiting from successful experiences and drawing lessons from failures in the process of building a socialist legal state. So long as the rule of law is observed, the state will advance. When the rule of law is absent, the state will face challenges.
Implementation of the rule of law is an important guarantee for maintaining a prosperous society, deepening the process of reform, and achieving greater openness. Observing the rule of law is a long-term policy built toward fulfilling the Chinese Dream, great renaissance of the Chinese nation and the attainment of security and lasting peace for the party and the state. Some wisdom is required to handle events, more is needed to manage people, but legislation involves the greatest wisdom of all.
In terms of foreign policy, the new CPC leadership and the Secretary General, Xi Jinping, have put forward a series of important new approaches and measures to maintain foreign policy continuity and stability. These approaches include the establishment of a new form of international relations focused on cooperation and mutual benefit, a global partnership network, and new relations between major powers.
The fulfillment of this dream will help China gain greater respect. It will also help the larger objective of the universal dream of lasting peace and common prosperity.
Tuesday 13 January 2015
Tuesday 13 January 2015