From Militants to Politicians? The Evolution of Middle East Extremist Groups Since September 11, 2001

From Militants to Politicians? The Evolution of Middle East Extremist Groups Since September 11, 2001

  • 8 January 2007

This lecture provided an assessment regarding the
modern historical development of political Islam in the
pre-9/11 Middle East. In regards to post-9/11, the lecture
examined the contextual turbulence, the characters and
objectives of the two major camps of reformist political
Islam, the “pragmatists” and the “atavists.”
Further, the lecture discussed the effects of the
international and regional events on the development of
both currents such as the effects of the Soviet invasion of
Afghanistan, and the fall of the Shah of Iran. The lecture
sees that the problematic experiences of the participation
of Hamas and Hezbollah in their contemporary national
political processes have been considered as guides to the
compatibility of atavistic and pragmatic political Islam.
Regarding the extent of the inclusion into the processes
of their respective political systems, the assessment
yielded that the processes have been stifled and have
diluted the extremist and terrorist proclivities of these
two atavistic movements.
The generally pessimistic judgment of the experiences
in the Levant, however, should not preclude or discourage
the pragmatic camp in Islamic politics from continuing
its progress along the route of reform, albeit a cautious
and prudent progress.

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LECTURER

Monday 8 January 2007

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Monday 8 January 2007

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